DIEM Doctoral Network


Blockchain has recently emerged as a general-purpose application of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) for people, organizations, and governments alike, to enable the exchange of both information and goods, eliminating the need for an intermediating authority to act as a guarantor. Blockchain enables a distributed consensus where every online transaction can be verified at any time without compromising the privacy of digital assets and parties involved. As a result, it has the potential to revolutionize the digital world by enabling the security and privacy of all digital assets, enabling resilient chains, promoting sustainability, and securing democracy.

Already, organizations across the world are implementing the technology in a wide range of areas ranging from insurance and notary services to agricultural and automotive supply chains. As most Blockchain applications require radically different approaches than traditional solutions within organizations, they entail significant development and adoption risks (e.g., strategic risks, business continuity risks, regulatory risks, information security risks). Moreover, DLT is at its core a platform technology, increasing the complexity of innovation, diffusion, and adoption processes associated with products that are based upon this emerging technology.

This combination of radicalness on the one hand, and platform-based business models on the other, creates a multilevel and multidimensional riddle that most organizations are struggling with. Blockchain organizations need to simultaneously navigate challenges across levels of analysis, contrary to more linear existing models describing technological adaptation. A more holistic research endeavour is needed by interdisciplinary teams that include both researchers and practitioners to gain insights on the competition dynamics, innovation interdependencies, diffusion and implementation challenges underlying novel applications of DLT.

DIEM Doctoral Network

DIEM is an Horizon MSCA (Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions) Doctoral Networks approved project. The MSCA Doctoral Networks aim to train entrepreneurial, innovative and resilient doctoral candidates, able to face current and future challenges and to convert knowledge and ideas into products and services for economic and social benefit.

DIEM brings together academic, government and industry expertise to holistically investigate the managerial, economic, and societal implications of DLT. To achieve its goals, DIEM sets out to facilitate an international network of interdisciplinary scholars, organizations, and institutions across sectors to support cutting edge innovation in DLT.


DIEM project and consortium brings together academic, government and industry expertise to holistically investigate the managerial, economic and societal implications of Blockchain technology. DIEM is a Doctoral Network (Industrial Doctorates) that creates a platform for researchers to engage in the co-production of knowledge by investigating state-of-the-art challenges and societal implications of Blockchain technology across actors and industry boundaries. It has a significant potential for creating an impact on careers of PHDs, as transforming Europe into a society capable of building its competitiveness on digital technology requires developing a new generation of responsible researchers with the competency to understand how fundamental shifts in digital technology impact across businesses, industries and society.

DIEM focuses on 12 research areas within which the 12 individual PHD projects take place. The individual studies will be interconnected to each other but also complementary to studies embedded in other PHD topics.

  • Strategies for Blockchain Innovation
  • Blockchain-enabled corporate digital innovation architectures
  • Blockchain Business Models
  • Blockchain, smart contracts and the optimal firm vertical scope
  • Blockchain Organizations & Governance Mechanisms
  • Differences in the Dissemination of Digitized & Digitalized Innovations
  • Role of Network Properties on Blockchain Diffusion Processes
  • Blockchain end user adoption and societal challenges 
  • Blockchain for responsible business I: planet
  • Blockchain for responsible business II: humanity
  • Blockchain in Government

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Funded by

Marie Curie Actions

European Union

This project has received funding form the European Union’s HORIZON-MSCA-2021-DN-01 programme under grant agreement No 101073510